How can every day people organize to transform a community?
What obstacles stood in their way?
"The decline of passengers had special effects in Montgomery due to its unique system of bus segregation. The decline of passengers was mainly of white customers. In order to keep the white-only seats occupied, the percentage of white passengers should have been kept at a minimum of 28 percent (ten seats out of 36) on all bus routes.
By 1953 or 1954, however, the actual percentage of white passengers on the buses dropped far below 28 on most lines, and on some lines they constituted a tiny minority or were completely absent. Black passengers thus had become the predominant users in most of the city lines, and on many of them they constituted over 90 percent. The ten reserved seats for whites in the front of the bus, therefore, took up a percentage of seats that had become far detached from white passengers’ actual occupancy of the buses, except for rush hours on certain routes. In other words, there were simply not enough white passengers to fill their designated reserved seats. In this new reality, the white-only seats had become conspicuously and humiliatingly empty during most hours of the day."
Shultziner, Doron. THE SOCIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ORIGINS OF THE MONTGOMERY BUS BOYCOTT: SOCIAL INTERACTION AND HUMILIATION IN THE EMERGENCE OF SOCIAL MOVEMENTS*. 2013 Mobilization: An International Quarterly 18(2): 117-142